Selection of the type of wood according to the color and grain pattern
Any color scale cannot reproduce the color of the wood, which changes not only within the genre, but also parts of the trunk, and even one board. Probably the uniqueness of the variable colors, delicacy of shades and contrasts, it causes a feeling of communing with nature, feeling of warmth and serenity.
In order not to violate the harmony of the surroundings, to which we want to introduce wood panels, some general principles should be discussed.
Light wood should always be chosen for lining ceilings or any undercuts, with a not very contrasting drawing. The light ceiling does not obscure the room and is an expression of freedom. The dark ceiling is gloomy, just like the dark clouds before the storm.
Which species of wood is best for lining ceilings?? The lightest wood species is maple wood (especially sycamore) and whitewashed ash wood. Wood is also good for ceilings, very fashionable lately, pine trees (Caution! Blue wood is not suitable for these purposes, which darken even more after varnishing).
Little used, but good for flooring, the species is birch wood. It has a faint grain and is relatively light. Like pine wood, requires quick wiping and stacking, otherwise it darkens (turns brown or gray).
Larch wood is also suitable for ceilings. Excessive darkening, which sometimes happens, can be softened by coating (foundation with non-yellowing pore filler, which will be discussed in the chapter on surface finishing).
From exotic species, which sometimes come to us in the form of a veneer, must be included: koto, wawa and limba (pine tree is a trade designation for light yellow wood with a greenish tinge; limba - Pinus cembra is the botanical name of a pine species with a wood darker than Scots pine, with clear, dark brown knots).
Vertical surfaces, zacienione, lined with light wood. Illuminated surfaces can be lined with darker wood, e.g.. oak, elm, heartwood ash, sweet cherries, mahoniu, tea, rosewood etc..
Beech is unsuitable for panels and therefore a rarely used species of wood. It has blurry, barely visible drawing and the most "works", i.e.. changes volume under the influence of moisture.
Little appreciated, but the available and grateful species is spruce wood. It's clear, she has very nice, reviving, healthy knots. The use of an appropriate primer and varnish allows the light color of the spruce wood to be kept. It is true, that sometimes the spruce wood turns slightly yellow, like other light wood species. Time and here puts its "patina".
The drawing of wood on vertical surfaces should also not be too "flashy". A mild contrast should be the leitmotif of the wood introduced into the rooms.
Mainly, you should avoid alternating wood with contrasting colors. Rather, a uniform surface color should be preferred. Pattern, which are formed by the individual elements of the panels, it is animation sufficient.
You should also beware of the contrast coming from the connector on the "foreign pen". Foreign tongues made of plastic are not suitable for natural wood panels, even wood-like ones of a similar shade. Joints with a visible foreign tongue are best made of the same type of wood or a similar species.
The use of clearcoat (transparent) will change the shade of the wood, keeping the drawing intact. This way you can change the shade, and even the color of the wood, e.g.. do mahoniu, rosewood or even green in color. A mixture of basic colors, according to your own taste, is appreciated. The technology of applying clearcoats will be discussed in the chapter on surface finishing.