Furnishing an apartment is very expensive. This is due to both the very high price of wood-based materials, such as veneered blockboards, laminated or varnished, as well as the labor price, despite the fact that most of the technological processes in furniture factories are mechanized and automated. So to ensure that your book collections and periodicals have a shelf space, we propose self-construction of straight lines, but cheap and very practical shelves.
Depending on the area of the room, and the number of volumes, to be placed on the racks, they can be made more or less. The width of one segment of the rack is 110 cm, and the height of the lower part 140 cm, and the upper one 118 cm. Let us pay attention , that the total height of the rack is up to 258 cm, which is more than the height of rooms in standard construction. If we want to keep the dimensions shown in the drawings, the upper part of the rack has to be reduced by one shelf, so that the whole piece of furniture fits in our M3 or M4.
The distance between the shelves of both parts of the rack is 26,4 cm, only at the bottom, between the baseboard and the first shelf 40,8 cm, so that extra-tall books could be placed there, for example, encyclopedias, dictionaries or various album editions. The width of the shelves, so the depth of the furniture is only 25 cm, so that it does not take up a large area in the room.
Work on the construction of the rack should begin with a precise calculation of the necessary amount of materials, which depends on the number of designed segments. Both on vertical walls, as well as for shelves, you can use veneered or laminated chipboard 20-25 mm. Whereas the so-called. the back of the rack, that is, the back wall, we suggest that they are made of varnished board, fulled thickness 4 mm. For one segment you will need a piece of such a plate measuring 110×258 cm.
Purchased materials should be cut into stripes of width 25 cm. We exclude manual and power tools cutting of such a large number of plates, both due to the maintenance of the necessary accuracy, as well as a huge amount of work. Ideally, when buying a blockboard from IG, cut it into strips right away, because almost every wood shop is equipped with a circular saw, and a carpenter employed there will precisely cut our material as requested.
The elements of the racks are joined either by glue only (see detail 1), either on glue and nails (see detail 2). In the latter case, in addition to the basic materials, we need to purchase a few meters of a wooden slat with a cross-section of 25×25 mm on elements, to which we will glue and nail the shelves.
We will now devote some attention to drilling holes for pegs that connect the wooden elements of the racks (detail 1). To make drilling holes easier, których średnica powinna być’ równa średnicy kołków łączących, it is worth making a template of hardwood or plastic, for example, vinidur or polystyrene. The template should be cuboid with a length equal to the width of the shelves and with a cross section of approximately 25×25 mm. The holes drilled in it will allow for perfect repeatability of drilling consecutive pairs of holes in the elements of the rack.
For gluing wood, it is best to use wikol or Epidian epoxy resin 5, which, however, must be thickened before use, by adding an appropriate amount of finely sifted sawdust to it.
After gluing the elements of the rack to the rear edges of the wood, fasten the "back" by screwing them with wood screws with dimensions of φ 3×25 mm, equipped with upholstery-type pads. The fastening screws should be spaced every 20-25 cm. At the end, on the front edges of the boards constituting the structure of the furniture, we stick strips of plastic or veneer wide 25 mm, in the right color yes, to completely cover the cutting surface of the board.