Optical changes in the size of surfaces lined with boards – with wood panels.
Reducing the height of the room by lining the ceiling. Lining the ceiling gives the impression of reducing the height of the room. However, let us not be deceived, that this reduction will be pronounced and help change the impression, e.g.. premises in old houses. By lining the ceiling, without actually lowering it, the impression of optical reduction in height will be minimal.
What height of the room should be considered suitable for lining with wood? Still height 255 cm can be considered suitable for lining, because it will seemingly go down to approx 251 cm. The ideal height for lining ceilings is 265 or 260 cm. After laying, it will apparently decrease by approx 4 cm.
The height of our apartments is traditionally between 255 and 265 cm. To what extent is it justified by the microclimate, hygiene, it's hard to find out with the psyche and architecture, because in northern countries, with a highly developed culture, living quarters in single-family houses with a height below are very popular 250 cm.
The orientation of elements in the floor covering. The only concept of ceiling lining solutions is the compliance of the optical extension of rooms with the direction of the entrance. In such cases, we orient the elements towards the desired elongation (drawing).
Drawing. Directions of floor elements laying: a, b) optical extension of the room from the entrance side, c, d) optical shortening of a rectangular room with elements arranged along the shorter side.
The orientation of the wall panel elements. When lining the walls, the size and shape of the vertical projection of the room are decisive. In a narrow corridor, e.g.. horizontally placed slats will cause an undesirable optical elongation effect (Lynx. a). The other way round, the slats are placed vertically - the corridor will be shortened (Lynx. b).
Drawing. The directions of wall lining: a) horizontal in a narrow corridor lengthens it, b) vertical shortens the corridor.
So if we do not want to change the optical appearance of the room shape, we line the walls with slats vertically. This direction corresponds to the natural direction of the tree's growth.
Height of the wall panels.
Drawing. Different heights of wall panels: a) along the entire height of the wall; b) to the height 200 cm (to the top edge of the door jamb), c) up to a height of 100-140 cm.
The walls can be lined in three heights:
- along the entire height of the room, in the case of the dominant planes of residential premises (Lynx. a);
- up to the height 200 cm (to the top edge of the frame) in waiting rooms, atria, dining rooms, dining and living rooms (Lynx. b);
- up to a height of 100-140 cm (approximately half the height of the room), in staircases, narrow corridors, dining corners (Lynx. c).