A cradle for a doll
Various toys for children offered by retail trade are often characterized by poor quality of workmanship, as well as high prices. Having some pine slats at home, a piece of plywood, a colorful dish cloth and good will, you can make such a toy during two winter evenings. This toy can be a perfect gift for a Christmas tree, for example.
The cradle consists of two parts: from a wooden stand made of pine slats and a cot suspended on a stand made of plywood, made of slats and trimmed on the outside with a colorful fabric.
We will start building the toy by preparing all the slats for the stand. So it will be two long slats (1) length after 400 mm, two transverse slats of the base (2) length after 260 mm, four vertical slats (3) length after 300 mm and two crossbars (4) po 100 mm. All strips of the stand must be very carefully carved and sanded with sandpaper. Let us pay attention to this, that the edges of the slats are gently rounded – then they will not hurt the child's hands. The same applies of course to any corners of the slats of both the stand, as well as the crib itself.
We will connect the elements of the stand with pegs and glue. You can apply wikol here, carpentry glue or epoxy glue, obtained by mixing epoxy resin, e.g.. Epidianu 53, with finely sifted wood sawdust. The consistency of the glue thus obtained should be similar to that of thick cream.
The pins connecting the individual elements of the stand should be carved out of wood, so that their diameter is 6 mm (no less), and the length 14 mm. In the slats to be joined, we drill holes with a diameter 6 mm at a depth of approx 7-8 mm. This should be done extremely carefully and carefully, so as not to drill through the slats in places, where the holes must be blind, for example, when connecting crossbars (4) with vertical slats (3).
Now lubricate the pins with glue and push them into the appropriate holes to a depth of approx 7 mm. On the other hand, press the second connected element onto the protruding ends of the pins.
In this way, we assemble the entire rack, and then its joints are stiffened and loaded for the time necessary for the adhesive to dry or harden, paying attention, to vertical slats (3) were connected to the crossbars (2) at right angles.
If we do not have the right number of carpentry clamps, we can use several heavy books to immobilize the stand, taking care, so that glue does not stain their covers.
After the glue dries, holes are drilled in the upper crossbars (4) paste the pins (6) length 34 mm, intended for hanging a cot.
All types of connections and construction details of the rack are shown in the drawing.
The other part of the cradle – crib – we will make according to the drawing 35. First, thick plywood 4-5 mm, cut out the sides of the crib with a hair saw (7) equipped with extension arms to suspend the length 85 mm. In the sides we drill holes with a diameter 6 mm spaced according to the dimensions in the drawing.
Then we will prepare the cot floor (8) made of plywood or pine slats, approx 10 mm. The length of the floor should be this, that the length of the cot after final assembly is 395 mm (so that it fits loosely between the stand crossbars). However, the length of the slats (9) forming the edge of the bed must be exactly 395 mm (see detail C.), because they will be connected to the sides by tenons carved from the narrowed ends of these slats (due to the very short length of the pins, amounting to 4-5 mm, depending on the thickness of the sides of the bed).
After preparing all the elements, we glue the crib, just like the stand, and after the glue has dried, carefully sand its surfaces with sandpaper, also paying attention to the proper blunting and rounding of the wood edges.
Finished parts of the cradle should be painted. A colorless nitro lacquer is best suited for this purpose, which can be used to paint the wood to obtain a clear grain pattern, visible from under the transparent layer of varnish. You can also use colored oil enamel, however, in that case, the wood must first be primed, e.g.. with linseed or synthetic varnish or an oil primer, and only after the soil is completely dry, the wood surface should be thoroughly covered with two layers of phthalic enamel.
When the paint is dry, the cot should be hemmed with the fabric of its long sides. For this purpose, the edge of the appropriate width of the fabric strip is wrapped on one of the slats (9) and sew it in the fold obtained in this way. Then put the fabric under the bottom of the bed (outside), we wrap on the second strip (9) and cut off the hem of the appropriate length, then sew the second batten, trying to stretch the fabric along its entire length.
The final stage of the work will be the hanging of the cot on pegs (6) rack, after gently bending its vertical slats (3).
The dimensions of the cradle elements shown in the drawings are adapted to a medium-sized doll. Of course, nothing stands in the way, to build a bigger cradle, appropriately increasing its dimensions. Then, the cross-section of the slats should also be proportionally enlarged, rack, e.g.. up to dimensions 20×20 mm, in order to obtain the appropriate stiffness of the structure.