Kilim weaving loom
Colorful rugs found in Cepelia stores or at folk fairs, treads and other similar products attract people's attention, who would like to see these decorative fabrics in their own home. Of course, this is not always possible, if only because of their high prices. Meanwhile, you can build an extremely simple loom yourself, which will allow you to weave a variety of kilims at home. All kinds of wool waste are suitable for the fabric, cotton or plastic yarns, on the other hand, ordinary twine or string for the warp, which can be easily purchased in household goods stores.
The loom shown in the picture consists of a frame formed by two long ones (po 1500 mm) slats connected by crossbars, whose position can be adjusted by translating into other holes bolts and nuts that connect the frame into one whole. The transverse slats are equipped with wooden "combs" used to pull the twine between their "teeth" constituting the warp of the future fabric.
As the frame of the loom is quite large, and the slats, from which-it must be made, have a small cross-section, it is necessary to use high-strength wood. Oak would be the best, but other hardwoods are also suitable.
We start with the preparation of longitudinal slats after 1500 mm. They should be, as well as the rest of the loom, carefully shaved and sanded.
Then we put the slats together, we fasten them with carpentry clamps and drill through holes with a diameter 4 mm, according to the dimensions shown in the drawing.
The cross bars of the loom consist of two pieces glued together. Crossbar body, with a cross-section of 20×50, has a milled wide groove 7 mm and depth 10 mm, that is, reaching half the thickness of the wood. A comb cut from a 7-gauge strip is glued into this groove×28 mm. The edge of the lath was cut with a saw to obtain transverse width gaps 1 mm, spaced every 5 mm. The depth of the slots is approx 10 mm. These are the "teeth" mentioned for fixing the warp of the fabric.
In order to stiffen the structure of the loom, we make depth undercuts in the crossbars 3 mm with this width, that the longitudinal slats can be pressed into them without too much play. These undercuts should be approx 35 mm. You can see in the picture, that holes in diameter 4 mm, designed to connect the elements of the loom, are located exactly in the half of the width of the undercuts made for the longitudinal slats.
The figure shows another way of making the transverse strips with "combs". The body of the strip has been glued together from three thinner strips, between the top slats (a) it was possible to paste the slat (b). This way you can deal with the case, when there is wasted access to a wood router.
All parts of the loom should be painted – preferably with a colorless nitro or self-hardening varnish. You can also cover the wood with spirit polish after staining its surface in any color.
An additional, but the necessary equipment of the loom is a wooden fork-comb shown in the picture. It is used to compact the threads when weaving a kilim or tread.
The comb is made of a piece of hard wood, preferably oak. Note the quality of the wood surface finish between the individual teeth. Maximum smoothness is desirable here, which can be achieved by sanding the wood with fine-grained sandpaper applied, for example, to a piece of a plate thick 1 mm. The finished comb should also be painted with a colorless varnish.