HOME WORKSHOP EQUIPMENT AND EQUIPMENT
The performance of any job requires the fulfillment of four basic conditions: find a suitable place to work, preparation of the necessary materials, prepare all the necessary tools and finally master (theoretical and practical) processing technology for specific materials.
Tinkering in random places makes it impossible to carry out systematic work, hinders the use of tools and materials, what is most important, it can disturb other household members in both household chores, as well as in rest. So it's hard to demand, so that the tinkerer's actions are approved, the more so as rubbish and rubbish accumulate on the floor during the processing of various materials, shavings and filings, the room is filled with dust and the smells of varnishes and paints, and noise during machining, especially metals, it is very annoying.
The ideal solution would be to allocate a separate room for a "workshop", however, the small size of flats in modern construction rarely makes it possible to adapt a separate room for this purpose. Therefore, you can try to arrange the basement properly, if it is dry and warm, as well as use an attic in a single-family house for a workshop, and even a cell phone.
Unfortunately, in most cases, do-it-yourselfers do not have such opportunities and have to organize their workshop in the apartment. How to arrange a small DIY corner, so as not to spoil the room and not to disturb others?
First of all, you need to get an appropriate cabinet for tools and materials, because they are floating on the tables, shelves and window sills, tools or blockboards based on radiators, sheets of plywood or sheet metal irritate the rest of the household.
The cabinet doesn't have to be big – enough, if its dimensions will be approx 140 x 80 x 30 cm.
So you can adapt a kitchen cabinet for this purpose, the outer surfaces of which we will cover with decorative self-adhesive foil – vinyl wallpaper, a color matched to the color of other furniture in the room. The wallpaper should be so-called. wood-like, and its pattern is similar to the veneer of furniture.
If we have a small amount of wood and plywood or even a felted board, we can build a tool cabinet by ourselves.
Inside the cabinet you need to make – from pieces of boards, slats and plywood – appropriate compartments for materials and tools, because every instrument and tool should necessarily have a permanent place; only then will it be easy to find them each time without wasting time.
Small tools can be stored in drawers or in small cardboard boxes (old packaging).
On the nails, screws, bolts and nuts are best made of plywood in a special container with an appropriate number of compartments. Small materials can also be stored in small tin cans, which must be fairly flat, so that removing individual elements is not difficult.
The most frequently used tools should be attached to the holders this way, so that they can be removed with one move, and put it back after use. To do this, place wooden slats with appropriate cutouts for tools on the inside of the back wall of the cabinet.
It is worth sticking white cardboard stripes over the slats, on which we draw the shape of the tools in a given place with a black pen; this will greatly facilitate their return, because there is no need to look for the right holes in the slats.
If the workshop room is too cramped, to place a cabinet with tools in it, you can use pieces of slats and plywood to build a cupboard hanging on hooks driven into the wall. So that the hooks support the weight of the cabinet, they must be properly seated. For this purpose, you need to punch holes in the wall with a punch to the wall or drill them with a drill equipped with a special drill with widia caps. Wooden pegs must first be inserted into these holes, and then stick long and strong hooks into them.
Instead of wooden pegs, you can also use plastic pegs and screw appropriate hooks into them. The cabinet attached in this way will certainly not fall. Both the inner surface of the rear wall can be used for hanging tools in such a cabinet, and the inner surface of the door.
In addition to the tool cabinet, a solid table is required in the workshop, firmly attached to a rigid base. It could just be a dilapidated kitchen table with drawers, which will be used to store smaller tools, boxes with nails, with screws, washers etc..
Years ago, any publications, encouraging DIY enthusiasts to work with wood, proposed to buy and use the so-called. the planer, that is, special, very heavy and big, and at the same time an expensive workbench equipped with a huge, wooden vices. Given the fact, that such a planer could probably hardly be placed in the center of the largest room, we suggest buying and using a very convenient and not very expensive so-called. carpentry boards.
It is a wooden beam (oak), thickness approx 60 mm and a length of approx 1 meters, attached to an ordinary kitchen table with two steel clamps (2). A metal clamp is attached to the side surface of the board with long screws (3) capable of being grasped (of course, through the washers) of the workpiece "edgewise". There are rectangular holes on the surface of the board (4) enabling the embedding of the so-called. imaki (5), that is, wooden or metal pins so formed, so that you can rest, for example, a planed board against their thickening, a movable jaw attached on the other side (6) slid in the oblong hole by means of a knob (7), equipped with debts, threaded rod. Inserting the post into the appropriate hole and turning the knob (7) you can on the surface of the board (1) firmly grasp the wood to be worked or glued.
Daylight is best suited to illuminate the workplace, falling from the window onto the workbench. Unfortunately, it cannot always be placed near the window, in addition, you work at different times of the day and in different weather. Therefore, you need to get an electric lamp hanging above the table in this way, by – not sharing your eyes – properly illuminated the workplace. It is also advisable to install a second lamp above the table, preferably on an arm that allows you to change the direction of lighting. The lamp should be equipped with a light bulb with unnecessary power during operation, especially making and assembling miniature, precise mechanisms.
There must be a power socket near the workbench that enables work with an electric soldering iron, checking devices, etc.. It is best to install three separate and parallel connected network sockets on the side board on the right side of the table, the so-called. surface mounted. One of the sockets should be equipped with a grounding pin. All three sockets can be powered by a single 3-gauge cable×1,5 mm2, the two conductors of which will lead the electric current, the third will be the earthing conductor.
Please note, Always disconnect the plug with the power cord for the workbench installation after finishing work.